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Hugo Neighborhood Association & Historical Society

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Outline
Executive Summary
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Federal Register Determinations
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Appendices
Maps
Photography
Aerial Photography

 

OUTLINE

ASSESSMENT Of PROPOSED PIONEER MEADOWS SUBDIVISION
CONTAINING APPLEGATE TRAIL RESOURCES

Outline

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

I. AUTHORS
A. Hugo Neighborhood Association & Historical Society
B. Josephine County Historical Society
C. Goal One Coalition
D Rogue Advocates
E. Oregon-California Trails Association

II. PURPOSE

III. STANDARDS
A. Federal Rules and Regulations For Historic Resources
B. State of Oregon Rules and Regulations
    1. Oregon Historic Trails
    2. The Oregon Community Foundation - Oregon Historic Trails Fund
    3. The Oregon Historic Trails Advisory Council
    4. Historic Property
    5. Oregon Historic Preservation Plan
    6. Oregon State Historic Preservation Officer
    7. Oregon State Advisory Committee on Historic Preservation
    8. Preservation of Property of Historic Significance
    9. Archaeological Objects and Sites
    10. Cultural Heritage Policy
    11. Agricultural And Forest Lands
    12. Oregon Statewide Goal 5
    13. Oregon Cemeteries
    14. Oregon Land Use Laws
    15. Health, Welfare, And Safety
        a) Health And Safety Under ORS 197.352(3)(B)
           (1) ORS 197.352(3)(B)
           (2) Letter of Advice from the Oregon Department of Justice
           (3) Oregon Governor’s Questions & Answers
        b) Application To Health And Safety Laws Of Josephine County, Oregon
        c) Health And Safety Under General Welfare Or The Traditional Police Power
        d) Definition of Health
           (1) Overall Condition Of An Organism
           (2) Soundness, Especially Of Body Or Mind; Freedom From Disease Or Abnormalities
           (3) Well-Being
           (4) Stress
           (5) Protecting Historic Resources As Part Of Health
C. Josephine County Comprehensive Plan: Historic Resources
D. Josephine County Rural Land Development Code (RLDC): Historic Resources
    1. Historic or Archeology Sites: RLDC 50.050 - Tentative Plan Review Standards & Criteria
    2. Archeological Resources and Historic Buildings and Sites: RLDC 93

IV. FACTS

A. Geology
B. Soils
    1. 1983 Soil Survey Of Josephine County, Oregon
    2. 2nd & 3rd Order Soil Surveys
    3. Soil Conservation Service (SCS)/Natural Resource Conservation Service (NRCS) Soil Report
    4. Summary
C. Water
    1. Drainages
    2. Streams
    3. Wetland
    4. Summary
D. Agricultural Lands
    1. Agricultural Soils
    2. Summary
E. Forest Lands
    1. Forest Vegetation
    2. Forest Soils & Productivity
    3. Agency Conclusions On Forest Productivity
    4. Internal Rate of Return
    5. Summary
F. Historical Context
    1. Introduction
    2. Historic Context: California (Applegate) National Historic Trail, 1846-1883
        a) Significance
        b) Historical Context
    3. Theme of Historic Context For The Applegate Trail: Settlement
    4. Time Frame of Historic Context For The Applegate Trail: 1856 - 1913
    5. Geographic Component of Historic Context For The Applegate Trail: Hugo Tombstone Quarry Section
    6. Use of the Applegate Trail in Northern Josephine County - Hugo Tombstone Quarry Section: 1856 - 1913
    7. Settlement Settings
        a) Applegate Trail: 1846 - 1913
            (1) Legislative Recognition
            (2) Historic Applegate Trail
            (3) Harris Creek Prairie and Cochrane Wet Area
            (4) Applegate Trail And Proposed Pioneer Meadow Subdivision
            (5) Summary
        b) Federal Land Transfers In Hugo: 1850s - 1930s
        c) Railroad: 1883 - 2007
        d) Emigrant Pleasant Valley Cemetery: 1880s - 2007
            (1) Introduction
            (2) Pleasant Valley Cemetery (PVC) And PVC Association History
            (3) PVC And PVC Association: 2007
        e) Hugo Granite Tombstone Quarry Site: 1880s - 1929
        f) Highways: 1913 - 2007
            (1) Native Americans
            (2) Applegate Trail: 1846 - 1913
            (3) Trails And Wagon Roads Before Railroad: 1841 - 1883
            (4) Wagon Roads And Southern Pacific Railroad: 1883
            (5) First Auto in Josephine County: 1904
            (6) New Traffic In Josephine County: 1905 - 1913
            (7) Pacific Highway In Josephine County, Oregon: 1913 - 1926
            (8) Pacific Highway Paved in Northern Josephine County, Oregon: 1920 - 1921
            (9) U. S. Highway 99 In Josephine County, Oregon: 1926 - 1946
            (10) Interstate 5 In Josephine County, Oregon: 1960 - 2007
            (11) Summary
    8. Applegate Trail Integrity
        a) Introduction
        b) Applegate Trail Integrity
            (1) Location
            (2) Design
            (3) Setting
            (4) Materials
            (5) Workmanship
            (6) Feeling
            (7) Association
        c) National Register Historic Places Criterion D
        d) Integrity Conclusions
    9. Impact Agents
G. Land Use: East I-5 Rest Stop to Pleasant Valley Cemetery
        a) Josephine County Comprehensive Plan
        b) Josephine County Rural Land Development Code
        c) Residential and Forest Lands
            (1) Western Part of JASec 3 - Rural Residential 5
            (2) Eastern Part of JASec 3: Forest - Woodlot Resource
        d) Wetlands
        e) Recreation (Woodlot Resource) - Josephine County Sportsman Park
        f) ODOT Administered Lands
        g) Summary
H. Research And Field Work
    1. JASec 2: Mary Harris Complex/Donation Land Claim
        a) Oregon Department of Transportation East I-5 Corridor: East I-5 Manzanita Rest Stop to Josephine County
            Sportsman Park
            (1) 1850s Harris Donation Land Claim
            (2) 1856 General Land Office Survey Defined Harris Historic Cabin And Barn Site
            (3) 1856 General Land Office Survey Defined Harris Prairie
            (4) 1856 General Land Office Survey Harris Field
            (5) 1855 Rogue Indian War Artifacts
            (6) Two Cairns At 1850s Harris Historic Cabin And Barn Site
            (7) Swale At Harris Donation Land Claim
            (8) 1856 General Land Office Survey Points: Two Roads And A House
            (9) Macadam Roads
        b) Josephine County Sportsman Park
            (1) 1860s Davis Military Warrant Home Place
            (2) 1856 Davis Historic Cabin
            (3) 1856 General Land Office Survey Davis Wet Area
            (4) 1856 General Land Office Survey Points: Two Roads And A House
            (5) Topography Trail Restrictions
    2. JASec 3: Emigrant Pleasant Valley Cemetery
        a) Proposed Pioneer Meadow Subdivision
            (1) 1860s Davis Military Warrant Home Place
            (2) 1856 General Land Office Survey Cochrane Wet Area
            (3) Hill-Wet Area Restricted Corridor/Field Wire Boundary
        b) Hugo Granite Tombstone Quarry Site
        c) Paradise Vista Subdivision
            (1) Hill-Wet Area Restricted Corridor/Field Wire Boundary
        d) Private Property: Lowrey, Wright, Shepard/Cook, And ? Properties
            (1) Lowrey Property: Schoolhouse Creek Channel
            (2) Wright Property: Schoolhouse Creek Channel
            (3) Shepard/Cook Properties
                    (a) Schoolhouse Creek Channel
                    (b) Macadam Road
                    (c) Old Bridge Crossing Over Schoolhouse Creek
                    (d) Low Ford Crossing Over Schoolhouse Creek
            (4) Section 10DA, T. 35 S., R. 6. W., Tax Lot 1100 (Map 2B)
        e) Monument Drive Right-of-Way
        f) Pleasant Valley Cemetery
            (1) Topography Trail Restrictions
            (2) Tombstone Analysis

V. FEDERAL REGISTER DETERMINATIONS

A. National Register Evaluation Criteria
    1. Evaluation Criteria
    2. Category of Historic Places
    3. National Register of Historic Places Criteria
B. National Register Integrity Standards
    1. Introduction
    2. Understanding the Aspects of Integrity
    3. Assessing Integrity in Properties
C. National Register Eligibility Recommendations
    1. Introduction
    2. National Register Evaluation Criteria
        a) Applegate Trail Evaluation Criteria
        b) Historic Applegate Trail Is A Site
        c) Applegate Trail Evaluation

VI. CONDITIONS OF APPROVAL FOR PROPOSED PIONEER MEADOW SUBDIVISION

VII. SIGNATURES

Appendices

Appendix A - Authors
Appendix B - Federal Rules and Regulations For Historic Resources
Appendix C - State of Oregon Rules and Regulations For Historic Resources
Appendix C1 - Oregon SHPO Archaeological Services’ Definition of Historic Sites
Appendix D - Josephine County Comprehensive Plan: Historic Resources
Appendix E - Josephine County Rural Land Development Code: Archeological Resources and Historic Buildings and Sites
Appendix F - Inventory of Applegate Trail: Hugo Region, Latitude & Longitude for Houses: JA-H-2A & JA-H-2B
Appendix G - ORS 197.352: Measure 37
Appendix H - Protect The Public Health, Welfare, and Safety
Appendix I - Oregon State Historic Preservation Office. 2005. 2005 Oregon Historic Preservation Plan. Salem, OR.
Appendix J - Applegate Trail: Silvestri Property Brochure

Maps

Map 1A - Map 3. Hugo Neighborhood Association & Historical Society’s Constitution Map: 2005
Map 1B - Assessor Map, T. 35 S., R. 6. W., WM: 2007
Map 2A - Assessor Map, Section 10, T. 35 S., R. 6. W., WM: 2007
Map 2B - Assessor Map, Section 10DA, T. 35 S., R. 6. W., WM: 2007
Map 2C - Assessor Map, Section 11, T. 35 S., R. 6. W., WM: 2007
Map 3A - Assessor Map, Section 14, T. 35 S., R. 6. W., WM: 2007
Map 3B - Assessor Map, Section 13, T. 35 S., R. 6. W., WM: 2007
Map 3C - Assessor Map, Section 24, T. 35 S., R. 6. W., WM: 2007
Map 4 - Map 2. Applegate Trails: 1856, Rogue River to Leland Creek, Oregon
Map 5 - Map 9. Hugo’s Applegate Trails: Jacksonville Road From Louse Creek to Pleasant Valley Cemetery & IV Road From Louse Creek to Jumpoff Joe Creek: Map II of IV
Map 6 - Jacksonville Road Section 3 of Applegate Trail: 1856
Map 7 - Gravel Pit Station Neighbors: 1895
Map 8 - Jacksonville Road Section 3 of Applegate Trail: 1895
Map 9 - Hugo Pioneers
Map 10 - Jacksonville Road Section 3 of Applegate Trail: 1923
Map 11 - Pleasant Valley Region: 1932
Maps 12-14 - Reserved
Map 15 - Soils
Map 16 - Topography Of Schoolhouse Creek Drainage
Map 17 - Zoning, Buildings, & Driveways: 2007
Map 18 - Property Owners Along Applegate Trail: 2007
Map 19 - Land Use Along Applegate Trail: 2007
Map 20 - Wetlands North of Applegate Trail: 2007
Map 21 - JA-4 through JA-8 of the Applegate Trail: 1856

Illustrations

Illustration IV-1 - Oregon-California Trails Association Map
Illustration IV-2 - Hugo’s Donation Land Claims: 1850s

Photography

Photo 1 - Slope - Wet Area Tree Line At Cochrane Field/Wet Area
Photo 2 - Pond At Cochrane Field/Wet Area
Photo 3 - Background Residential Development At Cochrane Field/Wet Area

Aerial Photography

Aerial Photo 1 - Pleasant Valley Region: 1940
Aerial Photo 2 - 1856 & 1895 Trails for Jacksonville Road Section 3 of Applegate Trail
Aerial Photo 3B - Quarry Parcel Tax Lot 600; Cochrane Wet Area; Josephine County Sportsman Park: 2007

Bibliographical Style

The outline and bibliographical style used in this assessment is found in A Manual of Style published by the University of Chicago Press.

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2012 Hugo Neighborhood Association & Historical Society