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STANDARDS & CRITERIA

I.  INTRODUCTION

II. RESOURCES

II.A. Laws

II.A.1. Federal

II.A.2.  State of Oregon

II.A.2.a)  Oregon Revised (ORS)  Under review for applicability to Neely & Trimble Cemetery Planning Process
ORS 97. RIGHTS AND DUTIES RELATING TO CEMETERIES, HUMAN BODIES AND ANATOMICAL GIFTS
DISPOSITION OF HUMAN BODIES
. ORS 97.220. Disinterment

DEDICATION TO CEMETERY PURPOSES; PLATTINGS
. ORS 97.310 Survey and subdivision of land; map or plat of mausoleum or columbarium; access easement.
. ORS 97.360 Resurvey and alteration in shape or size; vacation of streets, walks, driveways and parks and replatting into lots.
. ORS 97.440 Removal of dedication.
. ORS 97.450 Discontinuance of cemetery and removal of remains and markers.

INDIAN GRAVES AND PROTECTED OBJECTS
. ORS 97.740. Definitions for ORS 97.740 to 97.760
. ORS 97.740 To ORS 97.760

OREGON COMMISSION ON HISTORIC CEMETERIES
. ORS 97.772. Definition of "historic cemetery"
. ORS 97.780. Duties
. ORS 97.782. Listing of historic cemeteries; form

ORS 166. OFFENSES AGAINST PUBLIC ORDER; FIREARMS AND OTHER WEAPONS; RACKETEERING
. ORS 166.076. Abuse of a Memorial to the Dead

ORS 271. USE AND DISPOSITION OF PUBLIC LANDS GENERALLY; EASEMENTS
. ORS 271.715 to 271.795. Conservation & Highway Preservation Easements

ORS 358. OREGON HISTORICAL AND HERITAGE AGENCIES, PROGRAMS AND TAX PROVISIONS; MUSEUMS; LOCAL SYMPHONIES AND BANDS; ARCHAEOLOGICAL OBJECTS AND SITES
. ORS 358.905 to ORS 358.961. Archaeological Objects & Sites
. ORS 358.920 . Prohibited conduct; exception; penalty

. ORS 390. STATE PARKS AND RECREATION DEPARTMENT (Archaeological Sites and Historical Material)
. ORS 390.235. Permits and conditions for excavation or removal of archaeological or historical material; rules; criminal penalty
. ORS 390.237 . Removal without permit; exceptions
. ORS 390.240 . Mediation and arbitration of disputes; rules

II.A.2.b) Archaeological Laws

Under Oregon State Law (ORS 97.740, ORS 358.905-358.961, ORS 390.235, OAR 736-051-0090) significant archaeological sites are protected on all non-federal public (state, county, city) and private lands.

. ORS 97.740
. ORS 358.905 to 358.961
. ORS 390.235

Archaeological sites on private land are owned by the landowner and the land cannot be taken from the owner. The artifacts from a site are also the property of the landowner, except for Native American human remains, burials, associated funerary objects, sacred objects, and objects of cultural patrimony (ORS 97.740). For long term protection, a Conservation Easement (ORS 271.715-271.795) or Preservation Deed Covenant is an important option for archaeological sites on private land.

. ORS 97.740
. ORS 358.905 to 358.961 or ORS 390.235
. ORS 271.715 to 271.795

What happens when an archaeological site is on private land? If an archaeological site is on private land, it should be avoided. If avoidance is not possible and the site will be impacted as a result of a proposed activity (e.g., construction [buildings, access routes, irrigation], dumping, trampling), it will need to be evaluated (recorded and studied by a professional archaeologist) for significance under a state-issued permit before the activity can begin. If the site is determined not significant by a professional archaeologist, with concurrence from the Oregon SHPO, the proposed activity can occur without further archaeological research. If the site is found to be significant, steps will need to be taken to minimize and/or mitigate the damage resulting from the proposed activity. At the conclusion of any archaeological excavation, all artifacts remain the property of the landowner; however, Oregon SHPO strongly recommends the landowner donate the artifacts to the Oregon Museum of Natural and Cultural History in Eugene or to a local museum.

When is a permit needed? Under state law (Oregon Revised Statutes [ORS] 390.235 and 358.920) a person may not excavate or alter a known archaeological site on public or private lands, or make an exploratory excavation on public lands to determine the presence of an archaeological site, or remove from public or private lands any material of an archaeological, historical, prehistoric or anthropological nature without first obtaining a permit issued by the State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO), a divi-sion of the State Parks and Recreation Department. Separate permits are needed for each property owner or county where archaeological investigations are needed. It is important to note that a "known site" is one that any individual is aware of, or that is documented with the state or any other institution. A site does not need to be listed in a particular database or have been assigned a Smithsonian Trinomial to be considered a "known site".

. ORS 358.920
. ORS 390.235
. ORS 390.235 [6][b])

II.A.2.c) Oregon’s Historic Cemeteries Laws

List the cemetery with the Oregon Commission on Historic Cemeteries (OCHC). The list and survey form are available at www.oregonnheritage.org or by calling (503) 986-0685.

a. Provides knowledge of the cemetery’s existence.
b. Offers potential payment for repairs in a vandalism conviction.
c. Requires Commission knowledge and comment before cemetery or burials can be removed.

Know the local and state laws regarding historic cemeteries. For state laws visit www.oregon.gov. Some laws to consider are:

a. Historic cemetery laws ORS 97
b. Vandalism and abuse of a memorial to the dead ORS 166.076
c. Archaeological laws ORS 358.905 to 358.955 and ORS 390.235 to 390.240

. ORS 97
. ORS 166.076
. ORS 358.905 to 358.955
. ORS 390.235 to 390.240

Grave markers are protected under abuse of a memorial to the dead, even if not historic. ORS 166. Human remains are protected ORS 97 and ORS 166.
III.A.3. Local - Josephine County, Oregon
III.B. Regulations Under review for applicability to Neely & Trimble Cemetery Planning Process
III.B.1.  Federal
III.B.2.  State of Oregon
III.B.2.a)  Regulations

OAR 660-015-0000(5)
Oregon’s Statewide Planning Goals & Guidelines
GOAL 5: NATURAL RESOURCES, SCENIC AND HISTORIC AREAS, AND OPEN SPACES (http://www.oregon.gov/LCD/docs/goals/goal5.pdf)

OAR 660-23 Procedures and Requirements for Complying with Goal 5
Oregon Department of Land Conservation and Development

Oregon Administrative Regulations (OAR):  Parks and Recreation Department
http://arcweb.sos.state.or.us/pages/rules/oars_700/oar_736/736_tofc.html

DIVISION 51 ARCHAEOLOGICAL PERMITS
. OAR 736-051-0000 Dispute Resolution Process
. OAR 736-051-0010 Definitions
. OAR 736-051-0020 Disputes Covered by the Dispute Resolution Process
. OAR 736-051-0030 Informal Dispute Resolution (Negotiation)
. OAR 736-051-0040 Mediation
. OAR 736-051-0050 Arbitration

Archaeological Permits
. OAR 736-051-0060 Application for Archaeological Permit
. OAR 736-051-0070 Definitions
. OAR 736-051-0080 Process for Applying for an Archaeological Permit on Public Lands
. OAR 736-051-0090 Process for Applying for an Archaeological Permit on Private Lands

Objections Permit reviewers may object to a permit application. If a permit reviewer objects to an application, SHPO will notify the applicant as soon as the objection is received. It is the responsibility of the applicant to contact the reviewer and attempt to resolve the objection. If the objection is resolved, it is the responsibility of the applicant to contact SHPO in writing of the resolution. Informal resolution is recommended to take no more than 30 days. If informal resolution is not reached, the process will follow Oregon Administrative Rule (OAR) 736-051-0040 to 736-051-0050.

Oregon Administrative Regulations (OAR): Parks and Recreation Department
http://arcweb.sos.state.or.us/pages/rules/oars_700/oar_736/736_tofc.html

DIVISION 53. HERITAGE COMMISSION GRANT AND COORDINATION PROGRAMS OREGON MUSEUM GRANT PROGRAM
. OAR 736-053-0100 Purpose
. OAR 736-053-0105 Definitions
. OAR 736-053-0110 Eligibile Applicants
. OAR 736-053-0115 Application Procedure
. OAR 736-053-0120 Evaluation of Applications
. OAR 736-053-0125 Award of Grants
. OAR 736-053-0130 Museum Grant Review Committee
. OAR 736-053-0135 Disbursement of Grant Funds
. OAR 736-053-0140 Recovery of Grant Funds

Oregon Heritage Grants
. OAR 736-053-0200 Purpose
. OAR 736-053-0205 Definitions
. OAR 736-053-0210 Eligible Applicants
. OAR 736-053-0215 Application Procedure
. OAR 736-053-0220 Evaluation of Applications
. OAR 736-053-0225 Award of Grants
. OAR 736-053-0230 Disbursement of Grant Funds
. OAR 736-053-0235 Recovery of Grant Funds
. OAR 736-053-0300 Purpose
. OAR 736-053-0305 Definitions
. OAR 736-053-0315 Qualification as a Statewide Anniversary Celebration
. OAR 736-053-0325 Commission Coordination of Statewide Anniversary Celebrations

DIVISION 54. HISTORIC CEMETERY GRANTS
. OAR 736-054-0000 Purpose
. OAR 736-054-0005 Definitions
. OAR 736-054-0010 Intent
. OAR 736-054-0015 Eligibility
. OAR 736-054-0020 Application Process
. OAR 736-054-0025 Evaluation of Applications
. OAR 736-054-0030 Award of Grants

II.B.2.b) Oregon Policy

II.B.2.c)  Oregon Bulletins/Recommendations

(1) Heritage Bulletin # 1 - State Laws Pertaining to Historic Cemeteries
(2) Heritage Bulletin # 4 - National Register of Historic Places
(3) Heritage Bulletin # 5 - National Register Benefits and Restrictions
(4) Heritage Bulletin # 6 - National Register Historic Districts
(5) Heritage Bulletin # 9 - Ways to Protect a Historic Cemetery

(1) Archaeology Bulletin 1 - Archaeological Sites on Private Lands
(2) Archaeology Bulletin 1 - Archaeological Sites on Private Lands FAQ
(3) Archaeology Bulletin 2 - Archaeological Permits
(4) Archaeology Bulletin 2 - Archaeological Permits FAQ
(5) Archaeology Bulletin 2 - Archaeological Permits Checklist

(1) SHPO Archaeological - Site Form Manual:  2009
(2) SHPO Archaeological - Site Form
(3) SHPO Archaeological - Survey & Reporting Standards:   2011
(4) SHPO Archaeological - Field Guidelines:  2013

II.B.2.c)(1) Oregon Recommendations Cemeteries

. Heritage Bulletin # 1 - State Laws Pertaining to Historic Cemeteries (see Section III.C)
. Heritage Bulletin # 9 - Ways to Protect a Historic Cemetery (see Section III.C)

. August 18, 2014 Email From Oregon Commission on Historic Cemeteries
. August 19, 2014 Email From Oregon Commission on Historic Cemeteries

II.B.2.c)(2) Oregon Recommendations Archaeological

. Archaeology Bulletin 1 - Archaeological Sites on Private Lands (see Section III.C)
. Archaeology Bulletin 1 - Archaeological Sites on Private Lands FAQ (see Section III.C)
. Archaeology Bulletin 2 - Archaeological Permits (see Section III.C)
. Archaeology Bulletin 2 - Archaeological Permits FAQ (see Section III.C)
. Archaeology Bulletin 2 - Archaeological Permits Checklist (see Section III.C)

. August 7, 2014 Email From Oregon State Historic Preservation Office
. September 15, 2014 Email From Oregon State Historic Preservation Office

II.C. Court Opinions

II.C.1. Federal

II.C.2. State of Oregon

II.C.2.a) Headnotes: Oregon Land Use Board of Appeals (LUBA)

Headnotes 9. GOAL 5 - OPEN SPACES AND NATURAL RESOURCES/ GOAL 5 RULE
http://www.oregon.gov/LUBA/Pages/Headnote-Index.aspx
. Headnotes 9.1 Generally
. Headnotes 9.2 Resource Inventory
. Headnotes 9.3 Conflicting Use Identification
. Headnotes 9.4 ESEE Consequence Determination
. Headnotes 9.5 Resource Protection Programs

Headnotes 48. BALLOT MEASURE 49
http://www.oregon.gov/LUBA/Pages/Headnote-Index.aspx
. Headnote 48.1 Ballot Measure 49 – Generally. A decision that grants subdivision approval based on Measure 37 waivers after Measure 49 has taken effect must be reversed under Corey v. DLCD, 344 Or 457, 184 P3d 1109 (2008) and Pete’s Mountain Homeowners Assn. v. Clackamas County, 227 Or App 140, 204 P3d 802, rev den 346 Or 589 (2009). Walker v.
Josephine County, 60 Or LUBA 333 (2010). (http://www.oregon.gov/LUBA/docs/headnotes/48.1.pdf)

III.C.2.b) Opinions: Oregon Land Use Board of Appeals (LUBA)
Josephine County Decision Reversed: Walker v. Josephine County, 60 Or LUBA 333 (2010).
2008-136 Walker v. Josephine County (http://www.oregon.gov/LUBA/docs/opinions/2010/01-10/08136.pdf)

II.3. District

 

2012 Hugo Neighborhood Association & Historical Society