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Hugo Neighborhood Association & Historical Society

Donation Land Claimers
Walker Brothers
Augustus L. Walker
Applegate Trail & Lynch Ranch
Agricultural Lands in Josephine County
Agricultural Lands of Lynch Ranch
Water Rights & Lynch Ranch
Land Irrevocably Committed To Non-resource Uses
Profit In Farm Use & Irrevocably Committed
Assessment of Farm Land
Lynch Ranch From Exclusive Farm to Rural Residential?



Written by the Land Use Committee on 08/25/05

Applegate Trail Is A Branch Of The California National Historic Trail

The Oregon and the Mormon Pioneer Trails were authorized as national historic trails (NHTs) by Congress in 1978 (National Trails System Act, sections 5(a)(3 )and (4)).1 In 1992 Congress established the California and Pony Express National Historic Trails (National Trails System Act), section 5(a)(18) and (19)).23

National Trails System Act:
Public Law 90-543

The NHTs did not follow single routes, rather numerous branches and cutoffs were used by the emigrants heading west. As designated by Congress in the NTSA, the Applegate Trail was the Southern Road to Oregon and is a branch of the California National Historic Trail.1

SEC. 5. [16USC1244] "(18) The California National Historic Trail, a route of approximately five thousand seven hundred miles, including all routes and cutoffs, extending from Independence and Saint Joseph, Missouri, and Council Bluffs, Iowa, to various points in California and Oregon, as generally described in the report of the Department of the Interior prepared pursuant to subsection (b) of this section entitled "California and Pony Express Trails, Eligibility/Feasibility Study/Environmental Assessment" and dated September 1987."1

California National Historic Trail

Applegate Trail & Lynch Ranch

The 1846 Applegate Trail bisects the Lynch Ranch.2 It was the earliest wagon road in the county and in 1856 it was part of Augustus L. Walker’s donation land claim. It is identified on 2005 Josephine County Assessor maps as the "Approx. Center Line Territorial Road Willamette to Jacksonville."

 ORS 358.057(3) - The Applegate National Historic Trail

Hugo is blessed with a rich heritage of historic roads, rough though they were.1

National Park Service/ U.S. Department of Interior

 ORS 358.057 Oregon recognizes the value and significance of its historic trails, including the Applegate Trail.

ORS 358.057(3)
The Applegate National Historic Trail

 Want more information? Contact an officer of the Hugo Neighborhood, or a member of the Trails Committee on how you can become involved in this trail project.5

1. THE NATIONAL TRAILS SYSTEM ACT (P.L. 90-543, as amended through P.L. 107-325, December 4, 2002) (also found in United States Code, Volume 16, Sections 1241-1251); National Park Service. Comprehensive Management and Use Plan/Final Environmental Impact Statement, California National Historic Trail, Pony Express National Historic Trail. Page 4; Ibid., pages: 9 (map of Applegate Trail in Oregon), 36 (California National Historic Trail), and 40 (text describing Applegate Trail Southern Road to Oregon: 1846); Hugo Neighborhood. 2005. Public Outreach & Educational Brochure Program: Hugo’s Emigrant Trails. Hugo, OR.; and Hugo Neighborhood. 2005. Hugo Emigrant Trails Committee. Hugo, OR.

2. Field notes for the GLO’s 1856 Map for T. 34 S., R. 6 W., Willamette Meridian (General Surveyor Office of Oregon); Hugo Neighborhood. 2005. Donation Land Claimers, Hugo, Oregon: 1850 - 1855. Hugo, OR.; Hugo Neighborhood. 2005. Walker Brothers - Donation Land Claimers: 1855. Hugo, OR.; Hugo Neighborhood. 2005. Augustus L. Walker’s Donation Land Claim: 1855 - 2005. Hugo, OR.; Chard, Bob. Road Viewer Book 1. 1874 Josephine County Road Survey. Pt. 217 - "north end of Bridge over Jump off Joe"; Pt. 218 - "Saw Mill"; Pt. 219 - "Mrs. Neelys". July 11, 1997 Memorandum.; and 2005 Josephine County Assessor maps.


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