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NATIONAL PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION (PREA) RESOURCE CENTER
United States Department of Justice
http://www.prearesourcecenter.org/about
 
I. PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT of 2003
 
II. NATIONAL COUNCIL ON CRIME AND DELINQUENCY & BUREAU OF JUSTICE ASSISTANCE
 
III. PREA ESSENTIALS
1. Prisons and Jail Standards (2012)
2. Lockup Standards
3. Community Confinement Standards
4. Juvenile Facility Standards
 
I. PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT of 2003
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prison_Rape_Elimination_Act_of_2003
 
The Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA) is the first United States federal law passed dealing with the sexual assault of prisoners. The bill was signed into law on September 4, 2003.
 
PREA Provisions  The Act was passed by both houses of the U.S. Congress and subsequently signed by President George W. Bush in a White House ceremony on September 4, 2003.[9][10] The act aimed to curb prison rape through a "zero-tolerance" policy, as well as thorough research and information gathering. The act called for developing national standards to prevent incidents of sexual violence in prison. It also made policies more available and obvious. By making data on prison rape more available to the prison administrators as well as making corrections facilities more accountable for incidents pertaining to sexual violence and of prison rape it would more than likely decrease the crimes.[11]
 
A major component of the PREA was the establishment of a "National Prison Rape Reduction Commission".[9] The panel was established by the act and appointed in June 2004, though the law itself called for the commission's creation within 60 days of its passage.[8][12] The panel, known as the National Prison Rape Elimination Commission (NPREC), was charged with undertaking a study on the comprehensive effects of prison rape and its occurrences.[8] The commission was also charged with information gathering through a variety of sources including public hearings. Eventually the commission will issue a report which includes its findings, conclusions and any recommendations.[13]
 
In addition the law mandated that the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) "make the prevention of prison rape a top priority in each prison system".[8] The DOJ's Bureau of Justice Statistics was mandated to produce an annual report on its activities concerning the topic of prison rape in the U.S. prison system.[8] The law also made several other mandates for the DOJ. The National Institute of Corrections (NIC) was ordered to offer training and technical assistance, provide a clearinghouse for information and produce its own annual report to Congress. PREA required the DOJ to create a review panel designed to conduct hearings on prison rape, this panel was given subpoena power as well. At the top of the Justice Department PREA authorized the Attorney General to dispense grant money to facilitate implementation of the act. These grants are administered by the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) and the National Institute of Justice (NIJ).[14]
 
II. NATIONAL COUNCIL ON CRIME AND DELINQUENCY & BUREAU OF JUSTICE ASSISTANCE
 
The National Council on Crime and Delinquency (NCCD) was awarded a cooperative agreement with the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) to implement the National PREA Resource Center (PRC). The PRC’s aim is to provide assistance to those responsible for state and local adult prisons and jails, juvenile facilities, community corrections, lockups, tribal organizations, and inmates and their families in their efforts to eliminate sexual abuse in confinement.
 
The PRC serves as a central repository for the best research in the field on trends, prevention, and response strategies, and best practices in corrections. Technical assistance and resources are available through the PRC’s coordinated efforts with its federal partners, and the PRC will take the lead in helping the corrections field to implement the Department of Justice’s national PREA standards.
 
The PRC is a cooperative effort with a broad coalition of organizations with expertise and resources in the fields of corrections, law enforcement, victims' services, and sexual abuse prevention and response. You can find a full list of collaborating organizations here.
 
This website consists of an extensive library, stories of efforts at compliance from around the country, information about national trainings, webinars, resources including tool kits and model policies, and a direct link to PRC staff who can answer your questions. As the corrections and law enforcement fields work to comply with Department of Justice standards, the PRC will assist that effort with the necessary training, expertise, and resources.
 
This website is designed to serve multiple audiences, including correctional administrators, management, line staff, sheriffs and officers, community corrections personnel, juvenile detention administrators, and staff. In addition, a list of resources for inmates’ families and for survivors of sexual abuse in confinement is available here.
 
III. PREA ESSENTIALS
 
1. Prisons and Jail Standards (2012)
United States Department of Justice Final Rule
National Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) Resource Center
http://www.prearesourcecenter.org/training-technical-assistance/prea-101/prisons-and-jail-standards
 
PRISONS AND JAIL STANDARDS
United States Department of Justice Final Rule
National Standards to Prevent,
Detect, and Respond to Prison Rape
Under the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA)
28 C.F.R. Part 115
Docket No. OAG-131
RIN 1105-AB34
May 17, 2012
 
Standards for Prisons and Jails
115.5 General definitions
115.6 Definitions related to sexual abuse
 
Prevention Planning - Prisons and Jails
115.11 Zero tolerance of sexual abuse and sexual harassment; PREA coordinator
115.12 Contracting with other entities for the confinement of inmates
115.13 Supervision and monitoring
115.14 Youthful inmates
115.15 Limits to cross-gender viewing and searches
115.16 Inmates with disabilities and inmates who are limited English proficient
115.17 Hiring and promotion decisions
115.18 Upgrades to facilities and technologies
 
Responsive Planning - Prisons and Jails
115.21 Evidence protocol and forensic medical examinations
115.22 Policies to ensure referrals of allegations for investigations
 
Training and Education - Prisons and Jails
115.31 Employee training
115.32 Volunteer and contractor training
115.33 Inmate education
115.34 Specialized training: Investigations
115.35 Specialized training: Medical and mental health care
 
Screening for Risk of Sexual Victimization and Abusiveness - Prisons and Jails
115.41 Screening for risk of victimization and abusiveness
115.42 Use of screening information
115.43 Protective custody
 
Reporting - Prisons and Jails
115.51 Inmate reporting
115.52 Exhaustion of administrative remedies
115.53 Inmate access to outside confidential support services
115.54 Third-party reporting
 
Official Response Following an Inmate Report - Prisons and Jails
115.61 Staff and agency reporting duties
115.62 Agency protection duties
115.63 Reporting to other confinement facilities
115.64 Staff first responder duties
115.65 Coordinated response
115.66 Preservation of ability to protect inmates from contact with abusers
115.67 Agency protection against retaliation
115.68 Post-allegation protective custody
 
Investigations - Prisons and Jails
115.71 Criminal and administrative agency investigations
115.72 Evidentiary standard for administrative investigations
115.73 Reporting to inmates
 
Discipline - Prisons and Jails
115.76 Disciplinary sanctions for staff
115.77 Corrective action for contractors and volunteers
115.78 Disciplinary sanctions for inmates
 
Medical and Mental Care - Prisons and Jails
115.81 Medical and mental health screenings; history of sexual abuse
115.82 Access to emergency medical and mental health services
115.83 Ongoing medical and mental health care for sexual abuse victims and abusers
 
Data Collection and Review - Prisons and Jails
115.86 Sexual abuse incident reviews
115.87 Data collection
115.88 Data review for corrective action
115.89 Data storage, publication, and destruction
 
Audits - Prisons and Jails
115.93 Audits of standards
 
Auditing and Corrective Action - Prisons and Jails
115.401 Frequency and scope of audits
115.402 Auditor qualifications
115.403 Audit contents and findings
115.404 Audit corrective action plan
115.405 Audit appeals
 
State Compliance - Prisons and Jails
115.501 State determination and certification of full compliance
 
2. Lockup Standards
 
3. Community Confinement Standards
 
4. Juvenile Facility Standards